نوع مقاله : علمی

نویسنده

دانشیار جامعه‌شناسی پژوهشکده امام خمینی و انقلاب اسلامی

10.22034/jsi.2020.244211

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر برای آزمون تجربی نظریة بازار دین سازمان داده شده است. در فرمول­بندی اصلی نظریة بازار دین، کاهش تنظیمات دینی حکومت در یک جامعه، تکثر مذهبی را پرورش می‌دهد، تکثر مذهبی موجب رقابت می‌گردد و رقابت بنگاه‌ها یا مؤسسات مذهبی با یکدیگر موجب عرضة بیشتر و کارآمدتر محصولات مذهبی می‌شود که برآیند همة این­ها به‌عنوان نتیجة نهایی، افزایش دین‌داری و سرزندگی مذهبی در کلِ جامعه خواهد بود. این استدلال نظریة بازار دین به­صورت فرضیه‌ای مبنی بر ارتباط منفی تنظیم حکومتی دین با التزام مذهبی فرموله گردید. جهت وارسی اعتبار تجربی این تئوری، فرضیة مذکور با داده‌های ثانویه از 179 کشور مقابله شد تا میزان انطباق و تناظر پیش‌بینی تئوری بازار دین با شواهد تجربی مورد ارزیابی قرار گیرد. در مجموع، یافته‌های این تحقیقِ بین‌کشوری نتوانست حمایت جدی و قابل اعتمادی برای تئوری بازار دین در تبیین واریانس سطوح التزام مذهبی فراهم آورد.
 
 

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